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五年高考热点定语从句全国卷真题分享!2020考生参考!

高考资讯 来源:网络 编辑:小梦 2020-01-17 16:38:38 浏览:

  高考英语考什么?英语单词拼写、语法、固定搭配、句型、写作这些都会考到,而更多的题目是综合考察学生的水平和能力,在选择题,完形填空题、短文改错上面有体现,那么不得不说,近几年国家更加注重语法题的考察了,所以高三的同学们要在语法上多上心了,多背多记单词固定搭配,下面秦学教育陕西站小编这里就为大家整理了五年高考热点定语从句全国卷真题分享!一起来和小梦看看吧!
五年高考热点定语从句全国卷真题分享!

  图片来源于摄图网

  1

  考点聚焦

  功能:相当于形容词,修饰名词或代词,在句中作定语

  位置:定语从句置于被修饰词之后

  例如:He is the man who studies in USA.

  本句中涉及到三个概念:

  1.先行词即 the man:被定语从句饰的词称为先行词

  先行词一般是名词和不定代词,如:some-, any-, every-和no与-boy, -thing的合成词;或all、none、any、some、that、those等代词。数词也可以作先行词,人称代词也同样可作先行词。

  2. 引导词即who:起连接的作用

  引导词分两类:关系代词和关系副词

  关系代词:who;which;that;whose;whom

  关系副词:when;where;why

  3.从句即studies in USA.:引导词之后的句子。

  2

  考点精讲

  1. 关系代词 : who;which; that; whom; whose

  其中关系代词who;which;that;whom用于后面的从句缺主语或宾语的情况

  (1) who:指代先行词是人(可做从句的主语或宾语)

  She is the girl who I teach in China.(从句缺宾语)

  That is the man who teaches us English.(从句缺主语)

  (2) which:指代先行词是物(做从句的主语或宾语)

  That is the book which I want.(从句缺宾语)

  There is a bird which stands in the building.(从句缺主语)

  (3) that: 指代先行词是人或物(做从句的主语或宾语)

  She is the girl who/that I teach in China.(从句缺宾语)

  There is a bird which/that stands in the building.(从句缺主语)

  (4) whom;指代先行词是人,但只用于从句是缺宾语的情况。

  She is the girl who/whom I teach in China.(从句缺宾语)

  That is the man whom teaches us English.(从句缺主语,本句用whom是错误的)

  (5) whose:指代从句中缺定语的情况(表示所属关系)

  That is the building whose windows broke last night.(本句中的windows是属于the building构成一种所属关系即缺少building’s)

  2.关系副词:when;where;why(该三个词主要用于从句是不缺主语或是宾语的情况即从句是个完整句)

  (1) when:指代先行词表时间如:time;month;year;occasion等(形式上等于介词+which)

  I still remember the day when /on which I came to Beijing.(该从句是一个完整的句子,先行词是the day在从句中需要加个介词on来做状语的成分即I came to Beijing on the day)

  (2)where :指代先行词是地点的词如:place;house;school;也可以是模糊的词如:point;stage;work;situation等(形式上等于介词+which)

  That is the place where/in which I was born .(该从句I was born也是一个完整句,即不缺主语或宾语的,此时where可以换成in which)

  (3)why:指代先行词是表原因的词即:reason(形式上只能是等于for+which)

  That is the reason why/for which he was late for school.

  3

  非限制性定语从句

  非限制性定语从句起补充说明作用,缺少也不会影响全句的理解。在非限制性定语从句的前面往往有逗号隔开。

  The house, which I bought last year, has a lovely garden.

  He seems not to have grasped what I meant, which greatly upsets me.

  I still remember the day, when I came to Beijing.

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